April 2001, No. 47
International Commission for Optics.
Bureau members : President : A.H. Guenther ;
Past-President : T. Asakura ; Treasurer : G.T. Sincerbox.
Secretary : P. Chavel, Institut d'Optique, B.P. 147, 91403 Orsay cedex, France, fax +33 1 69 35 87 00, e-mail email@example.com
Associate Secretary, in charge of Meetings : A.T. Friberg, Royal Institute of Technology, Department of Physics - Optics, SE-100 44 Stockholm, fax : +46 8 789 6672, firstname.lastname@example.org
Vice-Presidents, elected : M.L. Calvo, R. Dändliker, A.A. Friesem, J. Ojeda-Castañeda, U. Kim, G.C. Righini, C. Sheppard, L. Wang
Vice-Presidents, appointed : H.H. Arsenault (SPIE), D.A.B. Miller (IEEE/LEOS), B.E.A. Saleh (OSA), T. Tschudi (EOS)
The 2000 Galileo Galilei Award has been awarded to Vladimir P. Lukin of Institute of Atmospheric Optics of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Tomsk, Russia, in recognition of his scientific contributions on light propagation through turbulent media and on adaptive optics, as well as their applications. The Award, established in 1993, is awarded annually for outstanding contributions to the field of optics achieved under comparatively unfavorable circumstances regarding the economic and social conditions and the access to scientific facilities and sources of information. It consist of the Galileo Galilei Medal, donated by the Societa Italiana di Ottica e Fotonica, funding of registration and approved local expenses at a major ICO Meeting where the Awardee will give a presentation based on his achievements, and appropriate measures of ICO to support the future activities of the winner. The ICO Galileo Galilei Award Subcommittee for 2000-2002 consists of M.L. Calvo, chair ; A. Consortini, J. Ojeda-Castañeda, Y. Ichioka, and M.J. Yzuel.
Lukin Vladimir received his Diploma in Physics from Tomsk State University (TSU) Tomsk, Russia, in 1970. From 1971 to 1980 he pioneered theory and experiments on optical wave phase fluctuations in a turbulent atmosphere. He calculated the statistical characteristics of phase fluctuations based on atmospheric turbulence spectrum models, accounting for the finiteness of the turubulence outer scale value.
In 1975 he obtained his degree of Candidate of Science in Physics and Mathematic. He obtained degree of Doctor of Sciences (Physic and Mathematics) in 1986 at the Institute for Atmospheric Optics (IAO) of the Russian Academy of Sciences. In 1992 he was appointed a Professor at the Department for Radiophysics (Optical and Electronic Systems), TSU.
His present status at IAO is director of the Wave Propagation Division. He still is a part time Professor at TSU and an advisor for graduate students, presently acting as the advisor for four scientists studying towards the Candidate of Sciences degree and one scientist seeking the title of Doctor of Science. At TSU, he teaches two lecture courses: "Opto-Electronic Systems Design", "Adaptive Optics for Atmospheric Applications".
His principal field of work is the application of functional analysis and stochastic field theory to problems in electromagnetic waves propagation. His main current interests are the the application of optical wave phase fluctuations theory for design and algorithms of optical wave phasemeters adapted to atmospheric turbulence.
V.Lukin has created several technical means, including a heterodyne interferometer, and a meter of the shift of the image center of gravity, for measuring the phase fluctuations of optical waves. The experiments made in the real atmosphere along horizontal and slanted paths validated his theoretical conclusions about the necessity to take into account the atmospheric turbulence spectrum departure from the Kolmogorov-Obukhov model in the turbulence outer scale range.
Since 1980, together with Tartakovski, V.Lukin developed the mathematical apparatus for a clear definition of the concept of optical wave phase in the case when the field intensity strongly varies. Based on these theoretical tools, experimental devices suitable for strong intensity fluctuation situations were developed. In addition, wave front reconstruction methods have been devised for data obtained with the two main categories of interferometers, shearing interferometers and plane reference wave interferometers.
In the late 1980ies, V.P.Lukin pointed out the importance of using the tools developed for "strong" intensity fluctuations whenever separate or multiple bright and dark regions, or "speckles," appear in the field. The existence of "zeroes" in the optical field intensity complicates the solution of the problem of phase reconstruction from the optical field, mainly because of the inherent associated ambiguity. It proved necessary to develop a new mathematical apparatus which makes it possible to describe the so-called "phase dislocations" in the optical wave. The optical wave phase obtained as a result of reconstruction is found to be an irregular function carrying little useable information. A pressing problem is currently a search for a more adequate description of the optical wave fluctuating phase in those cases.
Finally, the results of Prof.V.Lukin's previous experiments of the measurement of phase fluctuations of optical waves in the atmosphere accompanied by the measurements of basic meteorological parameters of the atmosphere point to the importance of accounting for finiteness of the value of outer scale of atmospheric turbulence. He found evidence of variability of this scale of turbulence. A set of experiments in the atmosphere can be explained only on the basis atmospheric spectra that deviate from the Kolmogorov-Obukhov law and explicitly introduce a finite value for the outer scale turbulence. In recent years all the above-mentioned problems became especially useful for application to adaptive optics.
In the period of 1979-1983, V.P. Lukin made the first calculations and experiments for using lasers and create reference beacons for adaptive systems applications. The papers were published in Russian and translated into English in the journals "Kvantum Electronika" in 1980, 1981, 1983 and 1988. This work was genuinely the first approach to laser guide star experiments. Dr.V.Lukin was therefore a pioneer in this area of investigation. He conducted the first experiments for monitoring stars using photoelectronic devices and obtained new results for the vertical distribution of the atmospheric turbulence parameters.
Prof. Lukin has published over 190 research papers in internationally reputed journals. A selection of major papers and review articles follows.
- M.S.Belen'kii, V.P.Lukin, V.L.Mironov, V.V.Pokasov, Coherence of laser radiation in atmosphere. Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1985, 175p.
- V.Belov, Yu.Balin, V.Lukin, et al., Signal and noise in laser ranging. Moscow: Radio i Svjaz, 1985, 264p.
- V.P.Lukin, Atmospheric adaptive optics. Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1986, 248p.
- Signal and noise in laser ranging /Journal of Soviet laser research, v.8, No4, 1987, p.283-426.
- Nonlinear optical effects in atmosphere, Institute of Atmospheric Optics, Tomsk, 1987.
- E.A.Vitrichenko, V.P.Lukin, L.A.Puchnoy, V.A.Tartakowski, The Problems of Optical Testing, Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1990, 350p.
- V.P.Lukin, Atmospheric Adaptive Optics, SPIE Press Volume PM 23, 1996.
- V.P.Lukin, B.V.Fortes, Investigations of efficiency for adaptive formation of laser beams and images in turbulent atmosphere, Tomsk, 1999.
These fringes (courtesy D. Joyeux, Institut d'Optique) differ from usual interference fringes by the wavelength used: they were obtained at wavelength 13.9 nm using a Fresnel bi-mirror setup on the LURE synchrotron facility at Orsay, France. Wavelength range extension is one of the characteristic evolutions of the field of optics. While this particular result originates from his own laboratory, the ICO Secretary welcomes for publication in this Newsletter any visual result of recent experiments illustrating the increasing diversity of the optics discipline. Three lines of explanation are requested.
The 2000 ICTP/ICO award has been announced: the award is shared by two winners, Dr Arashimid Nahal from the Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences, Zanjan, Iran and Dr Fernando Perez Quintian from Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina. Both were attending the OSA-cosponsored ICTP Winter School on Spectroscopy at Trieste when the decision was made, and the award was presented during the closing session of the event. The award was created jointly in 1999 by the International Center for Theoretical Physics, Trieste, Italy, and by the International Commission for Optics, to recognize significant achievements in optics done by scientists aged less than 40 and conducting research in developing countries. The next issue of this Newsletter will provide more detail.
The ICO Newsletter was first published in 1989. In its first form, it was inserted in the middle of Optics and Photonics News, the Optical Society of America membership magazine. From January 2001, the full paper version of the ICO Newsletter is still sent to the OSA members together with OPN, but is no more inserted as middle pages. Bulk mailing to the ICO member territories for local distribution to their own membership proceeds as usual: member territories wishing to change the quantities they receive are invited to contact the ICO Secretary. In addition, the full text of the Newsletter is posted on the ICO web page, maintained for ICO by SPIE - the International Society for Optical Engineering. Both the IEEE LEOS Newsletter and OE magazine, the new SPIE magazine, publish summaries of the Newsletter. The Newsletter can also be sent by e-mail upon request to the ICO Secretary. ICO gratefully acknowledges the continued support of its International Society Members IEEE/LEOS, OSA and SPIE for their considerable support in distributing the newsletter and thereby publicizing the ICO activities.
From 2001, the new representative of Argentina in ICO is Professor Hector F. Ranea Sandoval of Instituto de Fisica Arroyo Seco, Tandil, Province of Buenos Aires, email@example.com
10-13 May 2001 5th Int'l Conference on Correlation Optics Chernivtsy, Ukraine, Prof. Oleg V. Angelsky, Correlation Optics Dept., Chernivtsy University, 2 Kotsyubinsky Str., 274012 Chernivtsy, Ukraine fax. +380 3722 44730 firstname.lastname@example.org
12-24 August 2001 Int'l Summer College on Optics and Photonics Tabriz, Iran, Prof. H. Tajalli, Center for Applied Physics and Astronomical Research, Univ. of Tabriz, Iran fax. +98 41 334 7050, email@example.com Web:http://tabriz-u.iscop2001.org/
3-7 September 2001 IV RIAO / VII OPTILAS Tandil, Argentina, Prof. G.H. Kaufmann, Inst. de Física Rosario (CONICET-UNR), Bvd. 27 de Febrero 210 bis, 2000 Rosario, Argentina fax. +54 341 482 1772, firstname.lastname@example.org secretariat email@example.com Web:http://www.df.uba.ar/riop2001/
9-13 September 2001 ICO Topical Meeting, Information Optics Ceasarea, Israel, Prof. Asher A. Friesem, Dept. of Physics of Complex Systems, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100, Israel fax. + 972 8 934 4109 firstname.lastname@example.org Web:http://www.weizmann.ac.il/ICO2001/
27-30 November 2001 7th Conf. on Education and Training in Optics and Photonics (ETOP 2001) Singapore, Dr. Tuan-Kay Lim, School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Nanyang Ave., Singapore 639798 fax. +65 791 2687/792 0415 email@example.com Web:http://spie.org/info/etop/
17-22 March 2002 Optics in Computing 2002 Hsinchu, Taiwan, Prof. Chung J. Kuo, Graduate Institute of Communication Engineering, National Chung Cheng University, Chaiyi, Taiwan 62107 fax. +886 5 272 2702 firstname.lastname@example.org
25-31 August 2002 ICO-19, Triennial Congress of the International Commission for Optics "Optics for the Quality of Life" Florence, Italy, Dr. Giancarlo C. Righini, IROE "N. Carrara" - CNR, Via Panciatichi 64, I-50127 Firenze, Italy fax. +39 055 412878 email@example.com Web:http://www.ico-optics.org/